even supposing shattered through battle, in 1945 Britain and France nonetheless managed the world's biggest colonial empires, with imperial territories stretched over 4 continents. they usually seemed made up our minds to maintain them: the roll-call of British and French politicians, squaddies, settlers and writers who promised in observe and print at present to safeguard their colonial possessions in any respect bills is an extended one. but, inside two decades either empires had nearly completely
The cave in used to be cataclysmic. peaceful 'transfers of strength' have been eclipsed by way of episodes of territorial partition and mass violence whose sour aftermath nonetheless lingers. hundreds and hundreds of thousands throughout 4 continents have been stuck up within the greatest reconfiguration of the foreign process ever seen.
In the period in-between, even the main dogged imperialists, who had as soon as stiffly defended imperial rule, finally bent to the wind of switch. by way of the early Nineteen Fifties Winston Churchill had retreated from his wartime pledge to maintain Britain's Empire intact. And common de Gaulle, who hand over the French presidency in 1946 complaining that France's new post-war democracy might by no means hold directly to the country's imperial prizes, narrowly escaped assassination a new release later - after negotiating the humiliating
French withdrawal from Algeria.
Fight or Flight is the 1st ever comparative account of this dramatic cave in, explaining the tip of the British and French colonial empires as an intertwined, even co-dependent procedure. Decolonization accumulated momentum, no longer as an empire-specific affair, yet as an international one, during which the broader march of twentieth-century background performed an integral part: business focus and international melancholy, global battle and chilly conflict, Communism and different anti-colonial ideologies, mass consumerism
and the attract of yankee pop culture. certainly, as Martin Thomas exhibits, the internationalization of colonial affairs made it very unlikely to comprise colonial difficulties in the community, spelling the tip for Europe's greatest colonial empires in lower than twenty years from the tip of the second one World